Farewell to the era of the open bar for purchasing arms that were installed in Brazil During the four-year period of Jair Bolsonaro. President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed a decree on Friday that effectively dismantles the far-right leader’s policy of making gun use more flexible, one of his administration’s banners. “It is good for a citizen to have a gun at home, for protection, because there are people who believe that having a gun at home is security; but what we cannot allow is that there are arsenals of weapons in the hands of the people,” Lula said in a solemn ceremony at the Planalto Palace in Brasília.
The new regulations do not prevent ordinary citizens from buying a handgun, but they are recovering Limitations and restrictions who disappeared with Bolsonaro. If earlier so-called CACs (Collectors, Shooters, and Hunters) could buy up to 60 guns a year, now there will be a maximum of six. They will no longer be able to transport loaded weapons to a firing position, and hunters, for example, will have to request a special permit from the Environment Authority. The average citizen who wants to buy a gun for self-defense will again face the challenge of proving “effective need” to the federal police, a requirement that Bolsonaro has scrapped. Shooting clubs They will not be able to work 24 hours a day (they will have to close at night) and they will have to be at most 1km away from the schools. 9mm pistols and other similar models, which have been bestsellers in recent years, are again classified as restricted use, and are only suitable for security forces. call representatives Bullet lobby Already in Congress they raised a cry to heaven warning that this would be a death sentence for the arms trade in the country.
In recent years, the number of weapons in the hands of Brazilians has grown exponentially. According to data from the Brazilian Public Security Yearbook, released this week, in 2022 there were 1.5 million guns legally registered in Brazil, an increase of 47.5% compared to 2019, Bolsonaro’s first year in office. Anyone who already has a firearm at home will be able to keep it, but the government is preparing a buyback program for this year, by voluntary commitment, to get as many into circulation as possible. Another key is that the military will stop being the gun control agent. From now on, the Federal Police will be in charge, something many users feared because they considered the company to be more restrictive when it came to issuing permits.
The Minister of Justice and Public Security, Flavio Dino, said the decree put an end to a “tragic and dark chapter” in Brazil, and Lula winked at the military police (mostly Bolsonaro class) saying that it was they who should be well armed, not the civilian population. Taking advantage of the fact that the day was about security, Lula announced further measures in this regard. There will be, for example, a specific security plan for the Amazon, the region where violence has grown most in recent years. Thirty-four land and river bases will be established with 6,000 federal and state police officers, and the city of Manaus will host an international coordination center for the federal police. The plan expects an investment of 2,000 million riyals ($420 million).
as derived from coup attempt on January 8, Lula introduced a bill that raises the penalty to 40 years in prison for anyone who attacks any of the heads of the three authorities, and establishes penalties ranging from 6 to 12 years for those who organize, lead or finance anti-democratic movements. Another proposal was also made to increase penalties for those who attack inside schools, a phenomenon that has put Brazilian society on alert in recent months.
Join EL PAÍS to follow all the news and read without limits.