Macron chooses to make a minimal government reshuffle after the “suburbs” crisis and the two pension crises



This was not the time to change course. After a political cycle marked by months of street protests, parliamentary agitation and street violence, Emmanuel Macron on Thursday opted for a minimal government reshuffle. French president and its prime minister, Elizabeth BourneThey avoided moving the most prominent ministers.

Of the 40 ministerial portfolios, between ministers and state secretaries, 12 are changes, and parity is maintained between men and women. The dimensions of the redesign, announced in a statement, are limited. And it is far from what it meant to replace the prime minister, as the French press speculated for weeks, and even about important figures such as the heads of the interior, economy, finance, or foreign affairs. It made sense after one of the most turbulent periods in French society in recent years: the movement in winter and spring against an unpopular pension reform, and three weeks ago outbreak of violence in suburbAnd The slums of the suburbs after a Moorish boy was shot dead by a policeman.

The opposite happened: low noise and minor tweaks. At the end of the political year and with France about to leave in droves on leave, the message seems clear: calm and continuity. In the next few hours, Macron is likely to address the French to explain his decision, take stock of the past few months and set the course for the following months. It is not known whether it will be a speech or an interview.

The most prominent alternative is the progressive intellectual Pape Ndiaye, who leaves the Ministry of National Education and hands over the post to Gabriel Atal, Miracle baby Of Macronism, who at 34 is already emerging in the pools as a candidate to succeed Macron in 2017. Ndiaye lacked the political tusk and waist to run an administrative giant like the ministry he directed, and She was heavily criticized From the right for being too left-wing, some with racist connotations, and from the left for claiming to have betrayed their principles. The outgoing minister was also criticized a few days ago by the right and the far-right when he announced a few days ago that he was putting financial tycoon Vincent Bollori and his TV channel CNews into the hyper orbit.

Another victim of the cabinet changes is the Secretary of State for Social and Solidarity Economy, Marlene Schiappa, a member of successive governments since Macron came to power in 2017. Schiappa has been weakened by an investigation into alleged irregular funding of secular defense associations. He also received criticism from his colleagues in the government for his appearance in the magazine play boy.

Among those who entered the government was the new Minister of Solidarity, Aurore Bergé, who until now was president of Macron’s Rinascimento group in the National Assembly, the first in the council. and Aurelien Rousseau, a former communist who had hitherto been Bourne’s chief of staff, who replaced the politically inexperienced physician François Braun in the Ministry of Health. Rousseau and Attal’s foray into education is interpreted as an assertion that ministers of civil society have not been entirely successful. It’s pro time.

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There was no change in the balance between the parties that make up the presidential bloc (macronista Renacimiento, the centrist MoDem and the moderate right of Horizontes) nor between the more progressive and more conservative sensibilities. hiring Right-wing Home Minister Gerald DarmaninAs prime minister, which would have responded to the demand for law and order after the riots, and would probably have meant reaching out to the French right to help Macron rule, without an absolute majority in the National Assembly. The simplified redesign does not change course and does not allow the president to escape from parliamentary fragility, which complicates the adoption of ambitious reforms. At the moment, the hypothesis of an alliance with Los Republicanos (LR), the traditional right-wing associated with Spain’s People’s Party, has not been considered.

Remodeling is the icing on the cake A period of 100 days, set by Macron on April 17, to calm things down in France. The Constitutional Council had just given the green light to reform the pension system, which was adopted a few weeks ago by decree in the face of the parliamentary blockade. Months of mass demonstrations, some with violent incidents, were abandoned against a law raising the retirement age from 62 to 64 which was opposed by 70% of the French.

Macron can say that he has managed to turn the page on pension reform. The protests died down and the opposition and unions assumed they had lost their nerve. The death of the young Nael on June 27 and the riots in several French cities in the following nights blew up the plans.

Not even 100 days had passed and it was clear that France was not calm. Those who expected a complete stop yet suburb And a new way of governing after retirement, will have to wait. Waiting for Macron’s words, everything will remain more or less the same. stays hard to Back to schoolCourse start in September.

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